When patched the strict observance of a spirit of conservation in forest resource exploitation, we repeat it even more emphatically in the case of wildlife. Is still very large animals has been decimated in the form criminal as regards some species. Have been pursued with real viciousness, so valuable to your skin: alligators, caimans, tigers, ocelots, cuchicuchis, water dogs, for their prized meat: capybaras, macaws, tapirs, peccaries, deer, and even armadillos picures; This threat also suffered plumage birds or beautiful singing to trade with them.
Among the mammals we scored the most beautiful, cats such as pumas and lions (Felis concolor), butterfly tiger (Felis concolor), the pull mariposo (Felis ounce), and petite pint (Felis yaguarundi), the ocelot (Felis tigrina), the controversial Black Panther large and the small size.
The ocelot is perhaps the most hunted for their fine skin and face, in terms of the Black Panther, besides cases of melanism, the small size of a meter long, the natives are forming small bands in mating season .
From small carnivores can cite first the almost extinct otter or water dog (Pteronura brasiliensis) of beautiful skin survives in a few places, in the process of dying. The cuchicuchi (Potos flavus), fox gouache (Nasua nasua), weasels (Tayra barbarian), the Huram (Galictis vittata), the opossum (Didelphis opessum), foxes (thous thous) and many more that are a paradise of animal kingdom. A very rare is the bush dog or dumb dog (Ictycion venaticus), surviving native almost unknown.
Among the edentates are the armadillos, the giant four feet (Priodontes maximus), common (Dasypus novemcintus). We palmero anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), the bear anteater (Cyclopes Didactylus).
One of the great mammals, the tapir (Tapirus terrestris), has been wiped out in many parts of America and in our country, for its abundant meat very appetizing; still survives intricate protected forests. Manti also (Trichechus inungis) and puppy water (Chironectes variegatus).
Among the pigs have peccaries (Tagasu peccary) and (Dicotyles tajacu), as seen in the deer away savannah and jungle, some venao species that remain. About 40 or more years could admire herds of deer caramerudos (Odocoileus virginianus) in the savannas of Manapiare Parucito Alto and La Esmeralda. Dento of the forest can still stumble upon a copy of red brocket (Mazama Americana).
Big beautiful rodent meat, capybaras (Hidrochoerus Hydrochaeris), the biggest of all and the coveted paca (Agouti paca), the picures of various sizes as the gray Amazon (Dasyprocta fuliginosa) still cite the Porcupine untouchable ( Coendou prehensilis) and Ardites restless brown, white, black, etc.., (Sciurus aestuans), (S. gilvivulgaris) and (S.. igniventris).
Generalizing mammals, we can include in these lines the wide range of primates: spider monkey or spider monkey (Ateles belzebuth), howler (Alouatta seniculus), cappuccino del Orinoco (Chiporotes satan), chucuto (melano Cacajao cephalus) capuchin (Cebus apella) , widow (Calllcebus torguatus), marmoset the smallest (Saimiri sciureus), night monkey (Aotus trivirgatus) and the friendly and intelligent monkey caparro (Lagothrix lagotricha) very rare in our Amazon, called "macaca paunchy" in Brazil, where if exist in greater quantity.
Birds: A good percentage of the birds of our country, which is already quite large can be located in this state. Although most are native to here, there is a limited amount of them that are migratory, usually from the north. As a sample, we cite only a small number of them.
Among the waders the large size Jabiru (Jabiru Mycteria) of nearly 1.50 m., Coat (Mycteria americana), snowy egret (Egretta albus), Heron (Butorides striatu) and many others of various sizes and colors, the scarlet ibis or ibis (Eudocimus rubra). Among the mallard excel palpípedas good weight (Catrina moschata) duck road (Neochen jubata) peak güirirí Pink (Dendrecygna autumalis).
Gallinaceans precious meat would have the paují: (Mitu stormy) and (Crax alector), turkeys úkira (Penelope jacquacu) and splitter (Pipile pipile) guacharaca Guyanese (Ortalis Motmot). Among partridges have crested partridge (Colinus cristatus). Persiz red (Odontophhorus gujanensis).
Very abundant and very important are the different species of birds: tiny, restless colibríes (trochilidae); colorful and loud macaws, parrots and parakeets (Psittacidae); owls sad and gloomy face (Strigidae), toucans voracious and intelligent (Ramphastidae); laborious Woodpeckers (Picidae). Other: cock-rock (rupicola Rupícola), bird mining (Lipaugus vociferans) black conotos (Psarocolius decumanus) and green (P. viridis), jays (Cacicus cela), Moriches (Macroagelaius imthurni) gonzalitos (Icterus nigrogularis) turpiales (Agelaius icterocephalus), tiles (Thraupis palmorum) verdines as 7 colors (Tangara chilensis), tile swallow (Tersina viridis). Raptors with a variety of hawks, the smaller cousin hawk (Falco sparverius), the beautiful hawk earwig (Swallow-tailed Kite), the hawk colorado (Busarellus nigricollis), among the a.negra eagles (Buteogallus urubitinga) tyrant (tyrannus Spizaetus) , to mention the important end harpy eagle (Harpy Eagle), they say can lift up a small child, because its flight is powerful and very big and strong claws, up close is stunning with his penetrating gaze.
Reptiles: Citing reptiles, start at the great Orinoco caiman (Cocodrilus intermedius), now extinct, that could measure about 4 feet long, is still the baba (Cocodrilus cocodrilus), small alligator being exterminated to trade with your skin . We recall the actual kill (Ameiba ameiba), the ugly iguanas (Iguana iguana).
Among the highlights the anaconda snake or water snake (Eunectes murinus), can grow to about 19 meters, follow the boa or boas (Boa constrictor) about 5 meters long. They complete a long list of trades not poisonous, next to a limited number of well-known poisonous species, as would be the mapanare (Bothrops atrox), rattlesnake (Crotalus terríficu) cuaima pineapple (Lachesis muta).
Batracios: We find as large zarando (Bufo marinus), rare as Aparo or pipe (Pipa pipa), the Bilingo frog whose skin is poisonous beautiful (Dendrobates leucomelas), the toad cuaima (Ceratophrys calcarata), which the vulgar says that bites like a serpent, the horned frog (Ceratophrys cornuta).
Chelonian: We have a variety: the slow and bulky common tortoise from shell (Geochelone denticulatta), amphibians such as the tortoise (Kinsternorn scorpioides), terecay (P. unifilis), stubborn (Phrynops gibbus), but the most important is the size and orinoco cèñebre or Arrau turtle (P. expansa), on the eve of disappearing due to the relentless pursuit to be centuries ago. We must not forget to mention the mimetic matamata (Chelus finbriata).
FISH: We will mention only the most important for its steaks: the giant bully or laulau (Brachyplatystoma ssp.), Striped catfish (Pseudobratystoma faciatus) Cajaro (Fractorephalus hemiliopterus, morocoto (Colossoma ssp), pomfret (Metynnis argenteus), pompano (Myloplus shomburkii) caribbean blue (redeye scapularis), payara (Hydrolicus scomberoide) curbina (Sciena Amazon), and the finest meats, the peacock. Though little appetizing meat have the dangerous and useless far shaker (Gymnotus electricus) famous by the electric potential of your body, capable of killing a person or any animal.'ve seen copies of 1.60 mt. although they can grow up to 2 meters.
There in the small streams and numerous lakes in the region, massive amount of precious little known ornamental fish, but of singular beauty. We see across the waters and hide in the many aquatic plants that adorn the landscape wet. The fishbowl admire in Caracas and other capitals, distributed by international coffee trading decorative fish.
Many of these fish are caught by the natives of these border regions and taken to neighboring countries to go to swell the international market. Then some are distributed to Venezuela and enter as exotics, given the little knowledge we have here in our own fish fauna.
Planned and rational exploitation of live ornamental fish, may reach an important factor of development in these parts of the country. Alvaro Cortez Biologist "Preliminary Report on the fishes of the TFA" copy: "... On the other hand there is this last line fishery is being exploited widely in the Amazon basin from Colombia and Brazil, and is one of the main foundations of the economy in certain populations such as: Leticia, Puerto Carreño Puerto Inírida and Puerto Gaitán in Colombia, as well as the famous Aquarium Black River in Manaus, Brazil. " We add that even in Iquitos, Peru, on the Amazon River, this business is very flourishing ornamental fish.
According ichthyological studies conducted in this state, we can name some of the small fish detected: Fish Sheet (Monocirrhus polyacanthus), Knife (Gymnotus carapo), Neon tetra (Hyphessobry sp.), Sierra striped (Platydoras armatulus) Curito (Hoplostarnum Orinocoi), Anguilla (Synbranchus marmoratus), scalar (Pterophyllum altum), Needle (Potamorrhhis guianensis), Shoot (Myloplus schomburkii) and more like old, sardines, etc..
Insects: Yakiranazo Yakiramboia: (Lanternaria phosphorea.) As open roads, will also open lines of commercial exploitation of natural resources in this remote and unprotected region. But when you think causes concern that traders in forest products and natural, have no spirit or conservation concepts. Although these natural resources listed in previous pages are classified as renewable, never enough to repeat the concerns for conservation should be efficient.
One of the ways to help care for and preserve wildlife, would increase breeding for food, including indigenous animal husbandry has been tested multiply in captivity, as babos, deer, capybaras, ducks, partridges, etc.. -