Flying over the Amazonas we will see: Lush -primary forests with an imponderable beauty, an dense area, continuous, with an occasional protruding tree top from up a few meters of the plant surface. The giant trees have an average height of 35 meters., Forming a dense canopy that only allows passage of some sun. Walking underneath this green canopy jungle find cozy, hospitable, full of fantastic for ¬ plants: orchids, bromeliads, many parasitic aerial roots that trace vertical lines in search of food.
In some areas the forest is higher, but still be thick. There are plenty of palm trees here and there is also the jungle we call "Rebalsera" which is one formed by plants growing in flood zones or overflows, between which one could sail during the rainy seasons. On the hills or mountains the vegetation is dense, but consists of small trees and bushes not too thick trunk.
It's countless small volume plants when they bloom, make the jungle in a fantastic garden crammed with delicious aromas polychrome forms.
These forests, stained in some areas with sheets or socks, are part of the largest green lung, not only of America but of the whole earth. Therefore the scientific circles of the world consider the green areas of the Amazon, are the heritage of the planet. Amazon has one of the world's plant reserves, by their number and their diversity, forest products incalculable benefit and commercial value medicinal.
In neighboring Brazil and Colombia, with whom we share this immense reserve plant, we have seen the undisputed masters of this "green paradise" - who are the aboriginal brothers - traded some of these products of the forest, with the buyers "civilized". In addition to being they the only inhabitants of these regions, are the ones who know what gives each plant and charities that have applications as medicines, dyes, waterproofing, woodwork, textiles and hundreds of other uses.
In woods can write the best and among them some precious: Cartán (Centrolobium Pará), Sazafrás (Ocotea barcellensis) brazilwood (Haematoxylon campechianum), shoemaker (Himeneases floribunda), yellow wood (Aspydossperma vargasú). Ebony (Caesapinia granadillo), armadillo (Calophylum calaba), boar (Tabernaemontana psichotrifolia), laurel (Oreodaphne splendens), mure (Erisma uncinatum), cedar (Cedrela mexicana), salty (NICTA ginaceaes) Anoncillo (Rollinia multiflora), marupá (Hura crepitans), yébaro (Esperúa purpurea), Linnet (Cordia alliadora) caramacate (Piranea triffoliata) apamate (Tabebuia isignis), carob (Himenaea courbaril), rain tree (Samanea saman), kapok (Ceiba pentandra), alcornoco (Bowdichia virgiloides) Naked Indian (Bursera simaruba) pylon (Andira surinamensis), hibiscus (Hibiscus tiliaca us), Cereipo (Mirospemum frutescens), many of which are very strong. Among the palm trees there are whose wood, leaves and fruits are useful, as macanilla (Bractis gasipaes) moriche (Mauritia flexulosa) caraṇa (Sabal mauritiaeforme) macabo (Copernicia tectorum), Temiche (Manicaria seccífera) manaca (Euterpe oleracea), pijiguao (Bractis gasipaes) coroba (Jessenian polycaroa) seje (Oenocarpus Batawa) cumare (Astrocarium tucuma) cucurito (Maximiliana regia), yagua (Attalea humboldtiana), mabi (Bambusa arundinacea), etc. ..
Several species of wood that will be completely soft, have a very low specific weight, as would be the buoy stick (Ochroma lagopus) for special uses such as buoys, life jackets, pieces for models, carved crafts, plus other industrial uses. Logging in the Amazon is hampered by the lack of access roads, but when you can make, should be applied all protective measures to prevent forest destruction, as has been done in various parts of Venezuela, America and Africa.
Besides timber today expect for rational exploitation, many plant products: medicinal essential, resins, oils, perfumes, dyes, fibers, drugs, food, fuel, etc.. It's fantastic the amount of useful products found in our forests without humanity render an immediate benefit. We added a few: cupana (Paullina cupana), ñongué (Datura stramonium), mavacure (curare) (Strychnes crevauxi), Sangre de Drago (Pterocarpus Podocarpus) mastranto (Hyptis suaveolens), gegibre (Zingiber officinale), skunk (Petiveria alliace) yopo or cojoba (Piptadenia
peregrina), coconut monkey (Lecythis ollaria), eucalyptus (globulus Eucalystus) guásimo (Pithecellobiun), tamarind (Tamarindus indica), caruto (Genipa caruto), annatto (Bixa orellana), pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo), lemon (Citrus aurantifolia), etc. ..
There are many native plants, wild or cultivated, producing meaningful and delicious fruit: temare (Lucuma temare), cocoa (Theobroma cacao), yuko (Euphorbia caracasana) túpiro (Solanum topiro), cashew (Anacardium occidentale), passion fruit (Passiflora in general), Chipon (Sideroxylum to mygdaticarpum) Merecure (Coupeis guianensis), jobo (Spondias lutea), Jigua (Geoffroya auperba) guamos (Ingas in general), sugar apple (Annona squamosa), guava (Psidium in general), pineapple ( Pineapple satibus), soursop (Annona muricata), cemeruco (Malpygia punicifolis), cassia (Cassia sp pectábilis), avocado (Persea americana), star apple (chysophyllum) cocura (Pouroma cecropisfolia), jobo (Spondias lutea), kidney (Annona reticulata ), arazá (Eugenia stipitata), cupuaçu (Theobroma grandifloruam) Yubia or nut (Bertholletia exelsa).
It should be noted that corresponding to FLORA AND FAUNA is very small in this limited treaty, each of these lines has been published and is still published many volumes of great scientific importance, some have done in several languages. Interested parties are advised to consult the extensive literature on this subject.
We could make a long list of forest products, but we will only count the most famous and important:
Pendare gums and gum (Mimusops surinamensis), rubber (Hevea brasiliensis), balata (Manilkara bidentata) mamure rattan fiber (Bignonia equinoccialis) , chiquichique (Leopoldina piassaba) caraña resins (Protyum carana); Peraman (Symphonia globulifera) Tacamahaca (Protyum heptaphyllum), copaiba oil (Copaífera officinalis), seje, coroba, sazafrás; perfumes sarrapia (Coumarouma punctata); almonds Yubia (Berttholletia exelsa).